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Total Lunar Eclipse 04 April 2015

Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse of the 21st century

Total phase: 04minutes 43.7 seconds in duration

 

Total Eclipse of the Moon, 04 April 2015:

 

The shortest total lunar eclipse of the 21 st century.

Totality Phase: 04minutes 43.7 seconds in duration.

 

The Total Lunar Eclipse of 04 April 2015 is the shortest total lunar eclipse of the 21 st century, with a totality phase of  04minutes 43.7 seconds in duration. April’s lunar eclipse comes 2 weeks after the Total Solar Eclipse of March 2015.

 

 

April’s 2015 Lunar Eclipse might be short in duration, but it is also the first of Saros Series 132 to be Total.

 

First Total Lunar Eclipse; Saros Series 132

The lunar eclipse of April 2015 belongs to Saros Series 132 and it is the first Total Lunar Eclipse of the series. The previous lunar eclipse of Saros Series 132 was a penumbra lunar eclipse which occurred 24 March 1997.  

 

 

Total Lunar Eclipse 04 April 2015

 

The ShortestTotal Lunar Eclipse of the 21st Century

 

Lunar Diagram key: Eclipse Contatcs

Moon's path through Earth's Penumbra and Umbra.

 

 

Penumbral Begins:

Partial Begins:

Total Begins:

Greatest Eclipse:

Total Ends:

Partial Ends:

Penumbral Ends:

 

 

Eclipse predictions: Fred Espenak/NASA's GSFC.

 

Universal Time ‘UT’ and Greenwich Meantime ‘GMT’ 

As in keeping with international standards and as this website is viewed from visitors in countries across the world, we use the standard excepted concept of time. Using the international standard of time in astronomy avoids ambiguity. To find your country’s own time zone: ‘plus or minus’ of UT / GMT please refer to:

World Time Zone Map.

Click Lunar diagram to enlarge and see more detail.

April 2015 Lunar Eclipse visibility:

 

The complete Total Lunar Eclipse; can be observed from: west Alaska; extreme eastern Russia, Bering Sea; Pacific Ocean and Islands (including USA’s 50th state, Hawaii); New Zealand, eastern Australia; Papua New Guinea; western Indonesia; and eastern Japan.

 

Eclipse at sunset; moonrise:: mid to west Australia, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, India, (Central to west) Iran, (west) Japan, South Korea, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Mongolia, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Uzbekistan, central Russia,  (east) Saudi Arabia, Singapore, (east) Somalia, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, United Arab Emirates, Vietnam, (east) Yemen,

(Observors to the east are better placed viewing more phases of the lunar eclipse.)

 

Eclipse at sunrise; moonset: South America: Argentina, (mid to west) Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela:

(Many countries to the east, the Moon sets as eclipse begins).

 

Central America: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras,  Nicaragua, Mexico.

 

North America: most of USA; most of Canada.

(Observers to the west are much better placed viewing more phases of the lunar eclipse.)

       UT/GMT

P1:  09:01:27

U1:  10:15:45

U2:  11:57:54

at:   12:00:14.5

U3:  12:02:37

U4:  13:44:46

P4:  14:58:58

April-2015-Total-Lunar-Eclipse-Geeks-diagram

A Shallow Total Lunar Eclipse

As can be seen by looking at the eclipse diagram, the Moon passes through the upper edge of Earth's penumbra with the Moon passing just within the Earth’s upper umbra. Due to the Moon being so close to the edge of the umbra, the northern hemisphere of the Moon will appear lighter compared to its darker southern hemisphere.

Southern Hemisphere observers. The eclipse sequence is the same but appears the other way round, because from New Zealand or Australia, and other (far south) Southern Hemisphere countries, the Moon’s North Pole is pointing downwards. During the lunar eclipse the Moon will visually appear to enter Earth’s penumbra and umbra with right side of the Moon firstly reddening.  

 

The April Total Lunar Eclipse March 2015, lags behind by two weeks, the  Total Solar Eclipse, March 2015.

Entire Lunar Eclipse visible:

 

east to mid Australia, New Zealand,

east Russia, west Alaska, Hawaii.

Lunar Eclipse at sunset (moonrise)

 

mid to west Australia, mid Asia. Observers eastwards can view more phases of the eclipse.

Lunar Eclipse at sunrise (moonset)

 

United States, Canada, Central America, South America. Observers westwards can view more phases of the eclipse.

Lunar-Eclipse-Geeks-hemispheres-northern-southern-

 

Northern Hemisphere observers.

The eclipse sequence begins with the Moon entering Earth’s penumbra:

 

P1: Penumbra eclipse begins: This phase is subtle and is not easy to observe.

 

(U1) Partial lunar eclipse begins; the eclipse becomes evident with a gradual increase in shading, and as the Moon moves deeper into the umbra it will turn a reddish tone.

 

(U2) Total Eclipse of the Moon begins and the Moon will redden, its Northern Hemisphere will appear a lighter shade due to being close to the edge of Earth’s umbra.

 

Greatest Lunar Eclipse occurs. The Moon is immersed in the deepest region of Earth’s umbra.

 

(U3) Total Eclipse ends and Partial Eclipse begins: The total eclipse phase is over and a partial eclipse occurs again; the Moon will becomes lighter on its western hemisphere.

 

(U4) Partial Eclipse ends; penumbra phase still in progress.

 

(P4) Penumbra Eclipse ends: The Moon leaves Earth’s penumbra and normal brightness returns.

 The Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse of the 21st Century

   Diagram of Moon's path through Earth's Penumbra and Umbra

(Northern Hemisphere perspective)

Click image of lunar eclipse comparison to enlarge slightly.

 

 

Back to top

 

Earth View World Map

Total Lunar Eclipse, 04 April 2015

 

Greatest Eclipse:

UT/GMT 12hrs 00 mins 14.5secs.

 

Bright regions: daylight:

Dark regions:   night.  

 

The Earth View map shows the Moon’s shadow at 12hrs 00mins 14.5secs on April 4th 2015. At this instance the lunar eclipse is at its Greatest. The Sun, Earth, and the Moon have aligned and a Total Lunar Eclipse is occurring on Earth’s night-side.

 

Eclipse Contacts:

The Total Eclipse starts at 11:57:54 UT/GMT and ends at 12hrs 02mins 37secs UT/GMT, with Greatest Eclipse at, 12hrs 00mins 14.5secs UT/GMT.

 

The Total phase is short at, 04minutes 43.7 seconds in duration, which makes it the shortest Total Lunar Eclipse of the 21st Century.

 

The Earth diagram (upper left) shows the Moon’s shadow at a precise time. If you live in one of the regions where the eclipse occurs ‘at or near’  moonset or moonrise, the map below will help you discover  what can be observed.

Ecliptic Conjuction at

12hrs:05mins:32.7secs UT/GMT

 

Ecliptic Conjunction is the closest approach of two celestial bodies as viewed from a third body; also known as, appulse.

 

Click Earth view World map to enlarge.

Earth View World Map; 12hrs 00mins 14.5secs, 04 April 2015

Earth diagram shows shadow of Moon at 12hrs 00mins 14.5secs, 04 April 2015, when the eclipse will be at its Greatest.  

 

Sunrise Eclipse favours those in the west USA / Canada and S. Americas.

Sunset Eclipse favours those in east Asia, east Russia.  

World view, Total Lunar Eclipse, 04 April 2015, Eclipse Contacts of varying Visibility

April-2015-map-World-contacts-Lunar-Eclipse-Geeks

Click map of Lunar Eclipse Contacts

to enlarge

P4    U4

U1   P1

P4    U4

U1    P1

U3: Eclipse at Moonset:

Sunrise

U3: Eclipse at Moonrise:

Sunset

Entire eclipse visible

east to mid Australia,

New Zealand,

east Russia, west Alaska, and Hawaii.

Eclipse not visible

 

 

April 2015 Lunar Eclipse

Visibility Eclipse at Moonrise / Sunset

 

Overview: Eclipse visibility decreases in value from P1 (excellent) to P4 (almost undetectable).

 

P1: The penumbra phase of the eclipse begins a few moments after the Moon rises, so observers are well placed to view the rest of the eclipse, including the beginning of the partial phase, the total phase, through to the end of the eclipse.

The more east an observer; the Moon will rise already eclipsed at the penumbra phase

 

U1: The Moon will rise just a few moments before the partial eclipse phase begins, so observability  is still favourable. The more east an observer, a decreased value of eclipse duration can be observed, until the Moon rises almost fully eclipsed.

 

U3: The Moon rises at Total Eclipse. To the west of U3 a decreased value of the eclipse can be viewed, with maximum eclipse occurring before the Moon rises above the horizon.

 

U4: Most of the eclipse has finished. The Moon rises almost two hours after the Total Eclipse occurred. The Moon rises with the penumbra eclipse phase occurring, but this stage of the eclipse is challenging to observe and is more of an astronomical event rather than an interesting celestial event for the casual observer.

 

P4: The Moon rises just a few minutes before the penumbra phase of the eclipse ends. This stage of the celestial event is really only for astronomical measurement.

April 2015 Lunar Eclipse

Visibility Eclipse at Moonset / Sunrise

 

Overview: Eclipse visibility increases in value from P1 (almost undetectable) to P4 (excellent).

 

P1: The penumbra phase begins just a few moments before the Moon sets. Nothing of value can be observed. It is more of a technical aspect rather than an observable event.

 

 

 

U1: The penumbral phase of the eclipse occurs with the Moon above the horizon, but the Moon sets just as the partial phase begins. The more an observer is to the west, an increased value of the partial eclipse phase can be observed.  

 

U3: The Moon sets at Total Lunar Eclipse, so until then, the eclipse can be observed. Just to the west of U3, the Moon sets just after Total Eclipse. An increased value of the eclipse can be viewed the more west an observer is placed.

 

U4: Most of the eclipse can be observed, from the penumbra phase, through to partial eclipse, Total Eclipse, and partial eclipse again. The Moon sets not long after the ending of the partial eclipse phase. An increased in value of the eclipse can be viewed  the more west an observer is placed.

 

 

P4: Almost all of the eclipse can be observed: P1; U1; U2; Greatest Eclipse; U3; and U4; with the Moon setting just a few minutes before the end of the penumbra phase of the eclipse.

 

 

April's eclipse is first lunar eclipse of 2015; second eclipse of the year;

it's the first Total Lunar Eclipse of Saros Series 132;

and is the shortest Total Lunar Eclipse of the 21st century.

World-Earth-view-April-2015-Lunar-Eclipse-Geeks

 

 

Pacific Daylight Time PDT: (offset GMT: -7 hours / BST + 1 hourGMT)

San-Francisco (CA) USA  - moonset 06:59 am

Sacramento     (CA) USA  - moonset 06:54 am

Victoria       (BC) Canada  - moonset 06:54 am

 

h  m  s   (am)

 

02:01:27     - visible

03:15:45     - visible

04:57:54     - visible.

05:00:14.5  - visible

05:02:37     - visible

06:44:46       visible

07::58:58    - not visible

United States of America: Canada; Lunar Eclipse, April 04, 2015

contact and moonset times:

Pacific Daylight Time PDT: Mountain Daylight Time MDT:

Mountain Daylight Time MDT: (offset GMT: -6 hours / BST + 1 hourGMT)

Denver (CO) USA            - moonset 06:46 am

Edmonton (AB) Canada - moonset 07:09 am

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h  m  s   (am)

 

03:01:27    - visible                                    

04:15:45    - visible

05:57:54    - visible

06:00:14.5 - visible

06:02:37    - visible

07:44:46    - not visible

08:58:58    - not visible

Central Daylight Time (CDT) (Time off set -5 hours GMT / BST + 1 hourGMT)

Chicago (IL) USA           - moonset 06:34am

Winnipeg (MB) Canada - moonset 07:06 am

h  m  s   (am)

 

04:01:27    - visible

05:15:45    - visible

06:57:54    - visible

07:00:14.5 - visible

07:02:37    - not visible

08:44:45    - not visible

09:58:68    - not visible

Eastern Daylight Time EDT  (Time off set -5 hours GMT / BST + 1 hourGMT)

New York (NY)    USA - moonset 06:39 am

Totonto (ON) Canada - moonset 06:59 am

  • P1: Penumbra phase begins:  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • U1: First Umbra contact:  Partial eclipse begins:

  • U2: Total Eclipse begins:   -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • Greatest Eclipse:  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • U3: Total Eclipse ends:  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • U4: Last Umbra contact: Partial eclipse ends:  -

  • P4: Penumbra phase ends: -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -   -

  • P1: Penumbra phase begins:  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • U1: First Umbra contact:  Partial eclipse begins:

  • U2: Total Eclipse begins:   -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • Greatest Eclipse:  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • U3: Total Eclipse ends:  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • U4: Last Umbra contact: Partial eclipse ends:  -

  • P4: Penumbra phase ends: -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -   -

h  m  s   (am)

 

05:01:27  - visible

06:15:45  - visible

07:57:54  - not visible

8:00:14.5 - not visible

08:02:37  - not visible

9:44:46    - not visible

10:58:58  - not visible

  • P1: Penumbra phase begins:  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • U1: First Umbra contact:  Partial eclipse begins:

  • U2: Total Eclipse begins:   -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • Greatest Eclipse:  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • U3: Total Eclipse ends:  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • U4: Last Umbra contact: Partial eclipse ends:  -

  • P4: Penumbra phase ends: -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -   -

  • P1: Penumbra phase begins:  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • U1: First Umbra contact:  Partial eclipse begins:

  • U2: Total Eclipse begins:   -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • Greatest Eclipse:  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • U3: Total Eclipse ends:  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • U4: Last Umbra contact: Partial eclipse ends:  -

  • P4: Penumbra phase ends: -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -   -

United States of America: Canada; Lunar Eclipse, April 04, 2015

contact and moonset times:

Central Daylight Time (CDT): Eastern Daylight Time EDT:

 

Universal Time ‘UT’ and Greenwich Meantime ‘GMT’ 

As in keeping with international standards and as this website is viewed from visitors in countries across the world, we use the standard excepted concept of time. Using the international standard of time in astronomy avoids ambiguity. To find your country’s own time zone: ‘plus or minus’ of UT / GMT please refer to:

World Time Zone Map.

 

Universal Time ‘UT’ /  Greenwich Meantime ‘GMT’

Prime Meridian, Greenwich, London, England

0° degrees longitude, dividing Earth between eastern and western hemispheres.

The Greenwich Meridian is a north-south line selected as the zero reference line for astronomical observations

 

 

Off-set times to GMT:

Hawaii-Aleutian Standard Time: HAST: (offset: GMT: -10 hours)

Alaska Daylight Time: AKDT: (offset: -8 GMT)    

Pacific Daylight Time: PDT: (offset GMT: -7 hours)

Mountain Daylight Time: MDT: (offset GMT: -6 hours)

Central Daylight Time: CDT (Time off set -5 hours GMT)

Eastern Daylight Time: EDT  (Time off set -5 hours GMT)

Atlantic Daylight Time: ADT (Canada) (Time offset -3 hors GMT)

 

Hawaii: entire eclipse visible.

Alaska (west): entire eclipse visible.

Alaska (east) most of eclipse visible.    

 

Below are some Time Zone tables to give an indication of local lunar eclipse visibility.  

 

 

AEDT, Australia (offset on 04 April to GMT: +9 hours)

clocks go back 1 hour 05 April.

Melbourne, Victoria - moonrise 07:03 pm  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • P1: Penumbra phase begins:  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • U1: First Umbra contact:  Partial eclipse begins:

  • U2: Total Eclipse begins:   -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • Greatest Eclipse:  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • U3: Total Eclipse ends:  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • U4: Last Umbra contact: Partial eclipse ends:  -

  • P4: Penumbra phase ends: -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -   -

h  m  s   (pm)

06:01:27   - visible                                    

07:15:45    - visible

08:57:54    - visible

09:00:14.5 - visible

09:02:37    - visible

10:44:46    - visible

11:58:58    - visible

New Zealand: entire eclipse visible.

 

Australia: (east to mid)  entire eclipse visible.

Tasmania; Victoria, New South Wales; Queensland; most of South Australia and the Northern Territory.

Australia:

 

P1: First penumbra contact occurs on the western side of South Australia and the Northern Territory, from which the penumbra phase cannot be observed.

Western Australia, all except for the extreme western edge, can observe all the important phases of the eclipse, except for the penumbra phase.

Australia, Melbourne: Australian Eastern Daylight Time - AEDT

(clocks go forward 1 hour 05 April)

AWST, Australia (offset GMT: +8 hours)

Perth, Western Australia - moonrise 06:05 pm

 

 

 

 

  • P1: Penumbra phase begins:  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • U1: First Umbra contact:  Partial eclipse begins:

  • U2: Total Eclipse begins:   -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • Greatest Eclipse:  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • U3: Total Eclipse ends:  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • U4: Last Umbra contact: Partial eclipse ends:  -

  • P4: Penumbra phase ends: -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -   -

h  m  s   (pm)

05:01:27   - not visible                                    

06:15:45    - visible

07:57:54    - visible

08:00:14.5 - visible

08:02:37    - visible

09:44:46    - visible

10:58:58    - visible

Australia, Perth, Australian Eastern

Australian Western Standard Time - AWST

 

Tetrad Sequence

 

The Total Lunar Eclipse 04 April 2015 is the third in a sequence of four Total Lunar Eclipse in a row. This sequence of four consecutive total lunar eclipses is named a Tetrad. This phenomena is quite rare. You don't often get 4 Total Lunar Eclipse is a row.

 

After the September Total Lunar Eclipse later this year, (28 September 2015) there isn't a Total Lunar Eclipse until 31 January 2018, and the next Tetrad sequence doesn't occur until 25 April 2043.

 

The next Tetrad sequence doesn't occur until 25 April 2032.

 

Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh

Indochina Time - ICT

ICT - Indochina Time (offset GMT: +7 hours)

Ho Chi Minh - Vietnam - moonrise 05:59 pm

 

 

 

 

  • P1: Penumbra phase begins:  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • U1: First Umbra contact:  Partial eclipse begins:

  • U2: Total Eclipse begins:   -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • Greatest Eclipse:  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • U3: Total Eclipse ends:  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

  • U4: Last Umbra contact: Partial eclipse ends:  -

  • P4: Penumbra phase ends: -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -   -

h  m  s   (pm)

04:01:27   - not visible                                    

05:15:45   - not visible

06:57:54   - not visible

07:00:14.5 - visible

07:02:37    - visible

08:44:46    - visible

09:58:58    - visible