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Total Lunar Eclipse April 2014

The entire eclipse is visible from most of the continent of North America, including a tiny corner of south-east Alaska, Central America, and the continent of western South America, but not Eastern USA, eastern Canada, western Alaska, and eastern continent of South America.

 

 

 

Observers in the western Pacific miss the first half of the eclipse because the lunar eclipse occurs before moonrise. In Australia and New Zealand the eclipse is already in progress as the Moon rises. As far as extreme western Europe and west Africa is concerned, the event occurs at moonset just as the eclipse is beginning. The eclipse is not visible from north and east Europe, eastern Africa, the Middle East or Central Asia.  

The map shows regions where the eclipse is visible or not visible. And by looking at the diagram of the position of the Moon as it passes through Earth’s Umbra shadow, it can be seen that the Moon’s northern hemisphere is deeper in Earth’s umbra shadow than the Moon’s southern hemisphere, resulting in the Moons northern hemisphere appearing darker than its southern hemisphere. The Moon will undergo a wide range of umbral depths during totality and its appearance will change considerably throughout the eclipse.

 

All eclipses belong to a family of eclipses. It applies to both lunar eclipses and solar eclipses. The name given to the family is the Saros Cycle. The Total Lunar Eclipse of 15 April 2015 belongs to Saros Cycle 122 and is number 56 of 75.

 

Lunar eclipses of Saros 122 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The Total Lunar eclipse of 15 April 2014 is the 56th eclipse of Saros Series 122. The series started with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of Earth’s penumbra on 14 August 1022 and the series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of Earth’s penumbra on 29 October 2338. The total duration of Saros series 122 is 1316.20 years.  

 

 

Saros Series Lunar 122

First Eclipse; 14 August 1022;  time;  14:51:42 TD

Last Eclipse  29 October 2338; time; 13:35:05 TD

 

Duration of Saros 122  =  1316.20 Years

Saros 122 consists of 74 lunar eclipses.

Eclipse Type Symbol         Number        Percent

All Eclipses;                           74               100.0%

Penumbral        N                  31                 41.9%

Partial               P                  15                 20.3%

Total                 T                  28                 37.8%

 

The 74 lunar eclipses in Saros 122 occur in the following order:

22N 8P 28T 7P 9N

or:

22  Penumbral

8  Partial

28  Total

7  Partial

9  Penumbral

 

Saros Series 122

Longest  Total  Lunar Eclipse: 11 October 1707    Duration: 01h 40m 05s

Shortest  Total  Lunar Eclipse:  05 July     1563     Duration: 00h 23m 22s

 

Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse:  17 May  2068        Duration:  03h 18m 59s

Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse:  10 April 1419        Duration: 00h 42m 58s

 

Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse: 02 August    2194 Duration: 04h 29m 39s

Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse: 14 August  1022 Duration: 00h 25m 39s

 

Largest and smallest magnitude partial eclipses of Saros 122:

 

Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse:    17 May  2068   Magnitude: 0.9532

Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse:   10 April 1419  Magnitude: 0.0393

April_2014_medium_image_diagram_Total_Lunar_Eclipse_Geeks World_map_medium_15_April_2014_Total_Lunar_Eclipse_Geeks

 

The first eclipse of the year occurs 15 April 2014

 

This eclipse is a Total Lunar Eclipse, and is the first total lunar eclipse in a sequence of four consecutive total lunar eclipses.; two Total Lunar Eclipse during 2014, and two Total Lunar Eclipse during 2015.  

 

The eclipse occurs at the Moon’s ascending node in Virgo. The Moon's trajectory takes it through the southern half of Earth's umbral shadow. The Moon is not central to Earth’s umbra shadow, however the totality phase still lasts for almost 78 minutes, so gives amply opportunity to observe this graceful event.

 

The lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon’s orbit is about midway between apogee (08 April 2014; 14:53 UT/GMT) and perigee (23 April 2014; 00:28 UT/GMT) therefore the apparent diameter of the Moon is close to average.

 

Total Lunar Eclipse 15 April 2014

 

Fast Facts; Lunar Eclipse Visibility: 15 April 2014;

 

Entire Duration visible from most of the continent of North America (including a tiny corner of south-east Alaska); Central America and western continent of South America.

 

Penumbral Eclipse Begins:   04:53:37 UT/GMT

Partial Eclipse Begins:          05:58:19 UT/GMT

Total Eclipse Begins:            07:06:47 UT/GMT

Greatest Eclipse:                  07:45:40 UT/GMT

Total Eclipse Ends:               08:24:35 UT/GMT

Partial Eclipse Ends:             09:33:04 UT.GMT

Penumbral Eclipse Ends:     10:37:37 UT/GMT

 

map credit: F.Espenak /NASA/GSFC

click world map to enlarge