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Total Lunar Eclipse Oct 2014

Everything you need to know about the Total Lunar Eclipse 08 October 2014

 

3rd eclipse of 2014 and the 2nd Total Eclipse of  the Moon occurs 08 October 2014

The Total Lunar Eclipse belongs to the family of eclipses of Saros Series 127 and is member number 42 0f 72

 

Fast Facts - important details - Eclipse Times

Total Lunar Eclipse 08 October 2014  - sequence of event

 

Penumbral Eclipse Begins:  08:15:33   UT/GMT

Partial Eclipse Begins:        09:14:48   UT/GMT

Total Eclipse Begins:          10:25:10   UT/GMT

Greatest Eclipse:               10:54:36.2 UT/GMT

Total Eclipse Ends:            11:24:00   UT/GMT

Partial Eclipse Ends:          12:34:21   UT.GMT

Penumbral Eclipse Ends:    13:33:43   UT/GMT

 

Saros Series 127 – Member Number 42 of 72.

 

Fast Facts - important details - October Total Lunar Eclipse 2014

Eclipse Duration, Magnitude, and saros number

                           

 

Total Eclipse of the Moon 08 October 2014

This is the 3rd eclipse of 2014, also the 2nd and final Total Lunar Eclipse of the year

 

The Appearance of the Moon during Totality  

The southern hemisphere of the Moon will appear darker than its northern hemisphere because it passes deeper through Earth's umbra. The Moon will be subjected to a wide range of umbral depths during totality and its surface appearance will significantly change throughout the process of the event.

 

October 2014 Total Lunar Eclipse - Technical details:

Total Eclipse of the Moon - 08 October 2014 Lunar Eclipse visibility 

 

An eclipse of the Moon is visible from the entire night side of Earth. The whole duration of the eclipse is visible from the continent of west and north west continent of North America, including Alaska, extreme north east Russia, most of Japan, extreme eastern Australia, and all of New Zealand.

 

Diagram Total Lunar Eclipse 08 October 2014 Trajectory through Earth's Umbra Shadow

Saros Series 127 - member number 42 of 72  

 

The diagram shows the Moon’s positions and trajectory through Earth’s umbra shadow

It can be seen by looking at the diagram that the Moon’s orbital trajectory takes it through the northern region of Earth’s umbral shadow. The southern limb of the Moon wil show deeper shades than its northern hemisphere due to it being immersed deeper in Earth’s umbra. The totality phase of the eclipse has a duration of 00 hours 58 minutes 50 seconds. 

 

The lunar eclipse occurs at the Moon's descending node just two days after perigee (O6 October 2014 - 09:41 UT/GMT) so the Moon will appear approximately 5.3% larger than it did during the previous lunar eclipse of 2014 on 15 April earlier during the year.

Details of Lunar Saros Series 127

All eclipses belong to a family of eclipses. It applies to both lunar eclipses and solar eclipses. The name given to the family is the Saros Cycle. The Total Lunar Eclipse of 08 October belongs to Saros Series 127 and is number 42 of 72.

 

Lunar eclipses of Saros 127 all occur at the Moon’s descending node

All eclipses of Saros Series 127 occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward through Earth’s penumbra and umbra with each subsequent eclipse.

 

The Total Lunar eclipse of 08 October 2014 is the 42nd eclipse of 72 eclipses of Saros Series 127. The series started with a penumbral eclipse near close to the southern edge of Earth's Penumbra on 09 July 1275. Saros Series 127 will end near the northern edge of Earth's Penumbra on 02nd September 2555. The total duration of Saros Series 127 is:1280.14 years.

 

Saros Series Lunar 122 - First and Final Eclipse

 

First Eclipse: 09 July 1275           at 14:25:50 TD

Last Eclipse: 02 September 2555 at 15:45:57 TD

 

Duration of Saros 127:

 

Saros 127 comprise of 72 lunar eclipses as follows: 

Eclipse Type Symbol Number  Percent

All Eclipses      -    72  100.0%

Penumbral      N    18  25.0%

Partial      P    38  52.8%

Total                  T    16  22.2%

 

 

The 72 lunar eclipses of Saros 127 occur in the following order:

11N 18P 16T 20P 7N

or:

11 Penumbral; 18 Partial; 16 Total; 20 Partial; 7 Penumbral.

Fast Facts – Total Eclipse of the Moon - Lunar Eclipse Visibility – 08 October 2014

Entire Duration visible from most of;

continent of west North America, including Alaska, extreme north east Russian Federation, extreme eastern Australia; and New Zealand.

 

Fast facts - Lunar Eclipse as Moon sets

Eastern continent of North America, Central America, most of eastern continent of South America.

 

Fast facts - Lunar Eclipse at Moon rise

central and east Asia, some of western Australia.

 

Fast facts - Lunar Eclipse not visible

Europe, Africa east Asia, extreme eastern continent of South America

1st eclipse, Lunar Saros Series 127

09 July 1275

member number 1 of 72

Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse of Series

Duration:  00h 24m 57s

 

The 1st eclipse of Saros Series 127 was the shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse of the series, with the Moon's northern polar region just skimming through Earth's Penumbra shadow.

Saros Series 127

04 November 1473

member number 12 of 72      

Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse of Series

Duration: 00h11m41s

 

The 12th eclipse of Saros Series 127 was the shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse of the series. It also had the smallest  Magnitude: 0.0023. The Moon is almost fully immersed in the penumbral shadow of Earth, with the north polar region of the Moon just skimming through the deeper shadow of  Earth's umbra.

These diagrams of Saros Series 127 give a visual understanding of how eclipses from the same Saros Series

move southward or northward through the centuries. 

Saros Series 127 the Moon begins south of Earth's penumbra and ends north of Earth's penumbra

 

Saros Series 127, member number 1 of 72 began south of Earth's penumbral shadow, and through the centuries moves northward in each subsequent eclipse until memeber number 72 of 72 when it ends north of Earth's penumbral shadow 02 September 2555.

 

Saros Series with odd numbers move northwards in each subsequent eclipse

Saros Series with even numbers move southwards in each subsequent eclipse, and Saros Series with odd numbers move northwards in each subsequent eclipse. A Saros Series does not last indefinitely, once the cycle is complete comprising between 70 to 89 eclipses, the Saros Series ends. When a new Saros Series begins, it is given a new and unique number.

 

How a Saros Cycle works by visually looking at diagrams

Sometimes it helps to have a better understanding of how a Saros Cycle works by visually looking at diagrams. The ones below show how the Moon and eclipses from Saros Series 127 move over time. The first eclipse begins with the Moon barely skimming the southern rim of Earth's penmumbra and ends in much the same way 1,280.14 years later, skimming through Earth's northern edge of its penumbra.

 

All 9 images below; acknowledgement to: Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses (Espenak and Meeus) NASA/GSFC..

 

click any image to enlarge

Saros Series 127 Longest and Shortest Eclipses

 

Shortest  Total  Lunar Eclipse:       09 November 2068     Duration: 00h18m21s

Longest Total  Lunar Eclipse:         23 July         1888     Duration: 01h41m46s

 

Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse:       04 November 1473     Duration: 00h11m41s

Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse:        18 May         1780     Duration: 03h15m48s

 

Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse:  09 July         1275    Duration:  00h24m57s

Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse:   25 October   1455    Duration:  04h45m08s

 

Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse:  04 November 1473       Magnitude: 0.0023

Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse:    20 November 2086       Magnitude: 0.9865

 

 

Largest and smallest magnitude partial eclipses of Saros 127

 

Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse:  04 November 1473       Magnitude: 0.0023

Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse:    20 November 2086       Magnitude: 0.9865

Saros Series 122

05 July 1563

member number 45 of 72

Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse of Series

Duration: 00h 18m 21s

 

The 45th eclipse of Saros Series 127 is the shortest Total Lunar Eclipse of the series. The Moon's  trajectory takes it just inside the umbra of Earth, with the northern limb of the Moon passing close to the penumbra shadow of Earth. The southern hemisphere  of the Moon will appear darker than the Moon's northern hemisphere due to it being deeper in Earth's umbral shadow.

Saros Series 127

18 May 1780

member number 29 of 72

Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse of Series

Duration: 03h 15m 48s

 

The 29th eclipse of Saros Series 127 was the longest Partial Lunar Eclipse of the series. Most of the Moon passed through Earth's deeper umbral shadow  and with only the Moon's southern limb passing through the outer fainter shadow of Earth's penumbral shadow, woul dhave looked very much like a Total Lunar Eclipse. However, no matter how small a portion it was, part of it still passed through Earth's penumbra, and is therefore classified as a partial lunar eclipse.

Saros series 127

23 July 1888

member number 35 of 72

Longest  Total  Lunar Eclipse of Series

Duration: 01h 41m 46s

 

The 35th eclipse of Saros Series 127 was the Longest Total Lunar Eclipse of the series. The Moon's  trajectory took it central to the umbra shadow of Earth. The Moon would have been deep in Earth's umbra, therefore showing the deepest shades of Red and Brown hues.

Saros Series 127

08 October 2014

member number 42 of 72

Total Lunar Eclipse

Duration: 00h 58m 50s

 

The 42nd of Saros Series 127 is a Total Lunar Eclipse and occurs 08 October 2014. The Moon's southern polar region is immersed deeply near the centre of the umbra and the Moon will show deeper shades to its southern limb, than of that to the northern region. The totality phase of the eclipse has a duration of 00 hours 58 minutes 50 seconds.    

Saros 127

25 October 1455

member number 11 of 72

Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse of series

Duration:  04h 45m 08s

 

Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse:   25 October   1455    

 

The 11th eclipse of Saros Series 127 was the longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse of the series.

Saros 127

02 October 2555

member number 72 of 72

Final Lunar Eclipse of series

Duration: 65.5 minutes

 

The 72nd eclipse of Saros Series 127 is a Penumbral Lunar Eclipse and is the final eclipse of Saros Series 127. The event will be unremarkable and barely noticeable with the southern limb of the Moon just grazing the penumbra shadow of Earth.

 

It is likely to go generally unnoticed by the people of Earth, milling around doing what they have to do - or not have to do. Its main significance is amongst the science community, historians, and astronomers and is the marking of the end of Saros Series 127 which lasted for 1,280.14 years, starting way back on 09 July 1275.

October_2014_Total_Lunar_Eclipse_large_diagram_Eclipse_Geeks

Saros Series 127. All Saros Series with odd numbers and the Moon move northwards  through Earth's umbra, as can be seen by looking above at the diagrams. To look at a Saros Series with an even-number visit our page of the first lunar eclipse of the year. There are similar images but the Moon moves from nortt to south through the umbra.  15 April 2014 Lunar Eclipse   

 

Brief inormation about a Saros Series:  

Lunar and Solar eclipses occur in families (called a Saros Cycle) that link together eclipses that reoccur at intervals separated by approximately 18 years 11 days 8 hours (6,585.3 days). Eclipses within the same Saros Series share similar physical attributes. A Saros Series does not last indefinitely, they have a beginning and an end. Also the duration of a Saros Series Cycle is not constant, and the number of eclipses within each Saros Series is also not constant.

Visibility of the October 2014 Lunar Eclipse

 

From where can the complete duration of the Eclipse be Observed?

 

The complete duration of the eclipse can be observed from these regions:

When a Total Eclipse of the Moon occurs it is visible to everyone from the night-time side of Earth. The second Total Lunar Eclipse of 2014 occurs on 08 October. The complete eclipse can be observed from the most of the Pacific Ocean, west and north west continent of North America (including Alaska), north east Russia,  extreme eastern Asia, most of Japan, all of New Zealand, and east Australia.

 

Regions of visibility of eclipse at moon-set:

The eclipse occurs at moon-set across central and east continent of North America, Central American Countries, and most of the continent of South America, except for extreme eastern Brazil, where no part of the lunar eclipse is visible. The Moon sets during totality from eastern United States and Canada, while viewers    from the continent of South America experience moonset during the early stages of the lunar eclipse.

 

Regions of visibility of eclipse at moon-rise:

Various stages of the eclipse occur at moon-rise across most of eastern Asia, the Russian Federation, and west & central Australia. From west Australia and its coastal regions, the Moon is rising during the early partial phases of the event.

 

Regions of non-visibility of eclipse:

The eclipse is not visible from extreme eastern Brazil, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and west Asia.  

 

08 October 2014 Total Lunar Eclipse World Map

Map shows regions from where the Total Eclipse of the Moon can be Observed, or for that matter; not observed. 

Sun at Greatest Eclipse

Geocentric Coordinates

R.A.:  12 hour 55 minutes 34.3 seconds

Dec:  -05° 56’ 30.7’’

S.D.:  00° 16’ 00.4’’

H.P, :   00° 00’ 08.8’’

Moon at Greatest Eclipse

Geocentric Coordinates

R.A.:   00 hours 55 minutes 07.2 seconds

Dec:  +06° 18 ’26.8’’

S.D.:   00° 16’ 20.3’’

H.P. :     00° 59’ 57.9’’

Ecliptic Conjunction:  10:50:35.5  UT/GMT

Ecliptic Conjunction:  10:51:42.8  TD

 

Greatest Eclipse:       10:54:36.2   UT/GMT

Greatest Eclipse:       10:55:43.6   TD

 

Predicted Penumbral Magnitude:  2.1456

Predicted Umbral Magnitude:         1.1659

 

Predicted Penumbral Radius: 1.2787°

Predicted Umbral Radius:        0.7451°

 

Gamma: 0.3827

Axis:         0.3824°

 

Saros Series 127: member number 42 of 72

Astronomy abbreviation index:

TD:  Terrestrial Dynamical Time

UT:      Universail Time

GMT:= Grennwich Meantime

R.A.:   right ascention

Dec :   Declination

S.D.:   Apparent Semi-Diameter

H.P.:   Horizontal Parallax

Saros_127_number_1_of_72_small_diagram_Shortest_Penumbral_Lunar_Eclipse_Geeks Saros_127_number_11_small_diagram_Longest Penumbral_Lunar_25_Oct_1455_Eclipse_Geeks Saros_127_number_12_small_diagram_Smallest_Partial_Lunar_Eclipse_Geeks Saros_Series_127_number_45_small_diagram_Shortest_Total_Lunar_09_Nov_2068_Eclipse_Geeks Saros_Series_127_number_35_small_diagram_Longest_T Saros_Series_127_number_42_small_doagram_Total_Lun Saros_Series_127_number_46_small_diagram_Largest_P Saros_Series_127_number_72_small-Diagram_02_Sep_2555_last_eclipse_geeks Saros_SEries_127_number_29_ small_diagram_Longest_

Saros Series 127

20 November 2086

member number 46 of 72

Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse with Magnitude: 0.9865

Duration 188.1 minutes

 

The 46th eclipse of Saros Series 127 has the largest partial magnitude of the series (0.9865). It is interesting to know, that although it has the largest partial magnitude, it is not the longest partial eclipse of the series; that accolade goes to Saros Series number 29, 18 May 1780.

08th of October 2014 - Total Lunar Eclipse

 

Below is a short animated video shows the position and path of the moons trajectory through Earth’s umbra and penumbra shadow.

Saros Series 127 - member number 42 of 72  

 

Eclipse Geeks.com have made Improvements to the original animation. If you share or redistribute the animation can you please give a link back to this page on the Total Lunar Eclipse 08 October 2014 and acknowledge the Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 license below.

(Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 license). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en

Total-Lunar-World_map_medium-08-October_2014_Eclipse-Geeks_GMT-UT Total-Lunar-Eclipse-map-at-Moon-rise-08-October_2014_medium-Eclipse-Geeks Total-Lunar-Eclipse-map-at-Moon-Set-08-October_201

Lunar Eclipse World Map, acknowledgment to, : F.Espenak NASA's GSFC: modified by eclipse geeks.com

Visibility of the October 2014 Lunar Eclipse: Western Hemisphere, North America

Western Hemisphere; Total Lunar Eclipse, 08 October 2014. Regions of visibility at moon-set. The eclipse will occur at moon-set to observers in the central and eastern regions of North America and east Canada; central American Countries, and most of the South American continent, except for extreme eastern Brazil, where no part of the lunar eclipse is visible. The Moon sets during totality from the eastern United States and Canada, while viewers from the continent of South America experience moon-set during the early stages of the lunar eclipse.

 

click image to enlarge.

Eastern Hemisphere visibility, Total Lunar Eclipse 08 October 2014 at moon-rise

 

Eastern Hemisphere visibility; Total Lunar Eclipse 08 October 2014, regions of visibility of eclipse at moon-rise. Various stages of the eclipse occur at moon-rise across most of eastern Asia, the Russian Federation, and west & central Australia. From west Australia and its coastal regions, the Moon is rising during the early partial phases of the event. The whole Total Eclipse of the Moon can be seen from East Australia and New Zealand

 

click image to enlarge.

08 October 2014 regions of non visibility:

 

Total Lunar Eclipse 08 October 2014, Non Visibility. Unfortunately the eclipse is not visible from extreme eastern Brazil, the United Kingdom, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and west Asia.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

click image to enlarge (Total Lunar Eclipse no-visibility diagram

 

 

Eclipse diagram; acknowledgment; F.Espenak NASA's GSFC

Non-Visible_Total-Lunar-Eclipse- 08-October_2014-medium-Eclipse-Geeks

Predicated Penumbral Magnitude:   2.1456

Predicated Umbral Magnitude:         1.1659

08 October 2014 Eclipse Durations

Penumbral phase:  05 hours 18 minutes 10 seconds                                    

Umbral phase:        03 hours 19 minutes 44 seconds                                    

Total phase:           00 hours 58 minutes 50 seconds