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Total Lunar Eclipse April 2014

Everything you need to know about the Total Lunar Eclipse 15 April 2014

 

First Eclipse of the Year occurs 15 April 2014.

The Total Lunar Eclipse belongs to the family of eclipses of Saros Series 122 and is member number 56 of 74

 

 

 

 

 

Fast Facts - important details - Eclipse Times

Total Lunar Eclipse 15 April 2014 - sequence of event

 

Penumbral Eclipse Begins:  04:53:37 UT/GMT

Partial Eclipse Begins:         05:58:19 UT/GMT

 

Total Eclipse Begins:           07:06:47 UT/GMT

Greatest Eclipse:                 07:45:40 UT/GMT

 

Total Eclipse Ends:             08:24:35 UT/GMT

Partial Eclipse Ends:           09:33:04 UT.GMT

 

Penumbral Eclipse Ends:   10:37:37 UT/GMT

 

Fast Facts - important details

Eclipse Duration, Magnitude, and saros number

 

15 April 2014 Eclipse Durations

Penumbral phase:  05 hours 44 minutes 00 seconds

Umbral phase:        03 hours 34 minutes 44 seconds

 

Total phase:          01 hours 17 minutes 48 seconds

 

Predicated Magnitude:               2.3183

Predicated Umbral Magnitude:  1.2907

 

Saros Series 122 – Member Number 56 of 74

First Eclipse of the Year occurs 15 April 2014

 

The first eclipse of the year occurs 15 April 2014. This eclipse is a Total Lunar Eclipse. It is the first total lunar eclipse in a sequence of four consecutive total lunar eclipses.; two Total Lunar Eclipse during 2014, and two Total Lunar Eclipse during 2015.  

 

The April Total Lunar Eclipse 2014 occurs at the Moon’s ascending node in Virgo. The Moon's trajectory takes it through the southern half of Earth's umbral shadow. The Moon is not central to Earth’s umbra shadow, however the totality phase still lasts for nearly 78 minutes, so gives amply opportunity to observe this graceful event. The lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon’s orbit is about midway between apogee (08 April 2014; 14:53 UT/GMT) and perigee (23 April 2014; 00:28 UT/GMT) therefore the apparent diameter of the Moon is close to average.

 

 

The entire eclipse is visible from most of North America, including a tiny corner of south-east Alaska, and western South America

 

The entire eclipse is visible from most of the continent of North America, including a tiny corner of south-east Alaska, Central America, and the continent of western South America, but not Eastern USA, eastern Canada, western Alaska, and eastern continent of South America. Observers in the western Pacific miss the first half of the eclipse because the lunar eclipse occurs before moonrise. In Australia and New Zealand the eclipse is already in progress as the Moon rises. As far as extreme western Europe and west Africa is concerned, the event occurs at moonset just as the eclipse is beginning. The eclipse is not visible from north and east Europe, eastern Africa, the Middle East or Central Asia.  

 

 

The world map shows regions where the April 2014 lunar eclipse is visible or not visible

 

The world map shows regions where the April 2014 lunar eclipse is visible or not visible. All eclipses belong to a family of eclipses. It applies to both lunar eclipses and solar eclipses. The name given to the family is the Saros Cycle. The Total Lunar Eclipse of 15 April 2015 belongs to Saros Cycle 122 and is number 56 of 75.

 

15 April 2014 Total Lunar Eclipse - World Map

showing regions from where the eclipse of the Moon is visible and not visible

Eclipse of the Moon - 15 April 2014 Lunar Eclipse visibility 

 

An eclipse of the Moon is visible from the entire night side of Earth.

The whole duration of the eclipse is visible from most of the continent of North America, including a tiny corner of south-east Alaska, Central America,

and the continent of western South America.

 

More details appear below on regions from where the April  2014 Lunar Eclipse can be observed.

 

TOTAL LUNAR ECLIPSE 15 April 2014 DIAGRAM DESCRIPTION

 

Saros Series 122 - member number 56 of 74

Moon’s position and trajectory through Earth’s umbra shadow

 

The diagarm below shows the position of the Moon as it passes through Earth’s Umbra shadow, it can be seen that the Moon’s northern hemisphere is deeper in Earth’s umbra shadow than the Moon’s southern hemisphere, resulting in the Moons northern hemisphere appearing darker than its southern hemisphere. The Moon will undergo a wide range of umbral depths during totality and its appearance will change considerably throughout the eclipse.

Details of Lunar Saros Series 122

 

Lunar eclipses of Saros 122 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node 

 

Lunar eclipses of Saros 122 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The Total Lunar eclipse of 15 April 2014 is the 56th eclipse of Saros Series 122. The series started with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of Earth’s penumbra on 14 August 1022 and the series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of Earth’s penumbra on 29 October 2338. The total duration of Saros series 122 is 1316.20 years.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fast Facts – Lunar Eclipse Visibility across the world– 15 April 2014

 

Entire Duration visible from most of;

continent of North America, (including a tiny corner of south-east Alaska), Central America, western continent of South America

 

Fast facts - Lunar Eclipse as Moon sets

Eastern continent of North America, Eastern continent of South America, Greenland, extreme western Europe.

 

Fast facts - Lunar Eclipse at Moon rise

western Pacific region, Australia, New Zealand, and most of Alaska

1st-Lunar-Eclipse_Saros-122_small_diagram_Eclipse_Geeks

1st eclipse, Lunar Saros Series 122

14 August 1022

member number 1 of 74

Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse of Series

Duration: 00h 25m 39s.

 

The 1st eclipse of Saros Series 122 was the shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse of the series, with the Moon's southern polar region just skimming through Earth's Penumbra shadow.

Saros_Series_122_number_23_10_April_1419_small_diagram_Partial-Lunar_Eclipse_Geeks

Saros Series 122

10 April 1419

member number 23 of 74      

Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse of Series

Duration: 00h 42m 58s

 

The 23rd eclipse of Saros Series 122 was the shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse in the series. The Moon is almost fully immersed in the penumbral shadow of Earth, with the south polar region of the Moon just skimming through the deeper shadow of  Earth's umbra.

Below is a group of diagrams of Saros Series 122

 

These diagrams of Saros Series 122 give a visual understanding of how eclipses from the same Saros Series

move southward or northward through the centuries. 

 

In Saros Series 122 the Moon first began north of Earth's penumbra in 1022

and will end south of Earth's penumbra in 2338

 

Saros Series 122, memeber number 1 of 74 begins north of Earth's umbral and penumbral shadow, and through the centures moves southward in each subsequent eclipse until memeber number 74 of 74 when it ends south of Earth's penumbral shadow 29 October 2338.

 

Saros Series with even numbers move southwards in each subsequent eclipse

Saros Series with even numbers move southwards in each subsequent eclipse, and Saros Series with odd numbers move northwards in each subsequent eclipse. A Saros Series does not last indefinitely, once the cycle is complete of 70 or more eclipses, the Saros Series ends. When a new Saros Series begins, it is given a new and unique number.

Saros Series 122

05 July 1563

member number 31 of 74

Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse of Series

Duration: 00h 23m 22s

 

The 31st eclipse of Saros Series 122 was the shortest Total Lunar Eclipse of the series. The Moon's  trajectory took it just inside the umbra shadow of Earth. The southern hemishpere of the Moon would have appeared darker than the Moon's northern hemisphere.due to it being deeper in Earth's umbral shadow.

Saros_Series_122_number-31_15_July_1563_small_diag Saros-Series_122_number_39_11_October_1707_small_d

Saros 122

17 May 2068

member number 59 of 74

Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse of Series

Duration:  03h 18m 59s

 

The 59th eclipse of Saros Series 122 is the longest Partial Lunar Eclipse of the series. Most of the Moon passes through Earth's deeper umbral shadow, however the Moon's southern limb passes through the outer fainter shadow of Earth's penumbral shadow and the ellipse is therefore classified as a Partial Lunar Eclipse.

Saros_122_number_59_small_diagram_17_May_2068_Lunar_Eclipse_Geeks

Saros series 122

11 October 1707

member number 39 of 74

Longest  Total  Lunar Eclipse of Series

Duration: 01h 40m 05s

 

The 39th eclipse of Saros Series 122 was the Longest Total Lunar Eclipse of the series. The Moon's  trajectory took it central to the umbra shadow of Earth. The Moon would have been deep in Earth's shadow therefore showing the deepest shades of Red/Brown hues.

Saros122_number_56_15_April_2014_small_diagram_Lunar_Eclipse_Geeks

Saros Series 122

15 April 2014

member number 56 of 74

Total Lunar Eclipse

Totality Phase: 01 hour 17 minutes 48 seconds                        

 

The 56th eclipse of Saros 122 is a Total Lunar Eclipse and occurs at the Moon’s ascending node.

The Moon's trajectory passes through the southern half of Earth's umbral shadow. Saros Series 122 is now over half-way through its cycle of 74 eclipses.

Saros_122_number_66_small_diagram_02_August-2194_eclipse_geeks

Saros 122

02 August 2194

member number 66 of 74

Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse of series

Duration:  04h 29m 39s

 

The 66th eclipse of Saros Series 122 is the longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse of the series.  

Saros_122_number_74_small_diagram_Eclipse_Geeks

Saros 122

29 October 2338

member number 74 of 74

Final Lunar Eclipse of series

 

The 74th eclipse of Saros Series 122 is a Penumbrall Lunar Eclipse and is the final eclipse of Saros Series 122.

April-2014-Total_Lunar_Eclipse_Large-diagram_Moon_eclipse-geeks

15 April 2014 Total Lunar Eclipse - Technical details:

What is a Saros Cycle?

In Brief a Saros Cycle is: 

 

Lunar and Solar eclipses occur in families (called a Saros Cycle) that link together eclipses that reoccur at intervals separated by approximately 18 years 11 days 8 hours (6,585.3 days). Eclipses within the same Saros Series share similar physical attributes. A Saros Series does not last indefinitely, they have a beginning and an end. Also the duration of a Saros Series Cycle is not constant, and the number of eclipses within each Saros Series is also not constant.

 

These families of a Saros Cycle typically last for 12 to 15 centuries (1,226 to 1,587 years) comprising of 70 to 89 eclipses in a saros series. Each saros series is designated a number.

Any two eclipses separated by one Saros Cycle from the same Saros Series have similar physical attributes; in that they share a similar geometry, occur at the same node and roughly the same time of year, and in each one, the Moon is approximately the same distance from Earth. Each eclipse in the same Saros Series reoccur at intervals separated by approximately 18 years 11 days 8 hours (6,585.3 days). The extra (8 hours) 1/3 day displacement means that Earth rotates an additional 8 hours or 120° with each cycle. For lunar eclipses this results in a shift of 120° west in the visibility zones of each succeeding eclipse. The Moon also drifts northwards or southwards through Earth’s umbra shadow in each subsequent eclipse.

 

Saros Series with odd-numbers the Moon shift northwards in each subsequent eclipse, and those with even-numbers the Moon is displaced southwards in each subsequent eclipse. A Saros Series returns to approximately the same geographic region every three Saros periods (54 years 34 days). This triple Saros cycle is known as the Exeligmos. A Saros Series does not last indefinitely due to the synodic, draconic, and anomalistic months which are not perfectly consistent with each other. Due to the regularity of eclipses separated by approximately 18 years 11 days, 8 hours (6,585.3 days).within a Saros Series; eclipses can be traced back to the past, or predicted far into the future.

 

 

The Saros Series on this page is an even number (122) and the Moon moves from north to south throrugh the umbra. To look at  Saros Series with an odd number, in which the Moon moves from south to north, go to our page about the 2nd lunar eclipse of 2014.  Luanr Eclipse October 2014

 

World_map_small_april_2014_Lunar_eclipse_geeks

Sun at Greatest Eclipse

Geocentric Coordinates

R.A.: 01hour 33 minutes 40.0 seconds

Dec: +09° 46 ’27.6’’

S.D.: 00° 15’ 56.6’’

H.P, : 00° 00’ 08.8’’

Ecliptic Conjunction:  07:43:24.8 TD / 07:42:17:6 UT/GMT

Greatest Eclipse:        07:46:47:.0 TD / 07:45:39.8 UT/GMT

 

Predicted Penumbral Magnitude:  2.3183

Predicted Umbral Magnitude:        1.2907

 

Predicted Penumbral Radius: 1.2267°

Predicted Umbral Radius:        0.6952°

 

Gamma: 0.3017

Axis:         0.2863°

 

Saros Series 122: member number 56 of 74

Moon at Greatest Eclipse

Geocentric Coordinates

R.A.: 131hours 33 minutes 21.1 seconds

Dec:  -10° 02 ’59.8’’

S.D.:  00° 15’ 30.9’’

H.P, :  00° 56’ 56.4’’

Astronomy abbreviation index:

TD    = Terrestrial Dynamical Time

UT    = Universail Time

GMT  = Grennwich Meantime

R.A. = right ascention

Dec  = Declination

S.D. =  Apparent Semi-Diameter

H.P. =  Horizontal Parallax

 

 

Saros Series Lunar 122 - First and Final Eclipse

 

First Eclipse; 14 August  1022; time; 14:51:42 TD

Last Eclipse  29 October 2338; time; 13:35:05 TD

Duration of Saros 122  =  1316.20 Years

 

 

Saros 122 consists of 74 lunar eclipses

 

Eclipse Type SymbolNumberPercent

All Eclipses;                              74                 100.0%

Penumbral           N                    31                  41.9%

Partial                 P                    15                  20.3%

Total                   T                     28                  37.8%

 

The 74 lunar eclipses in Saros 122 occur in the following order:

22N 8P 28T 7P 9N

or:

22  Penumbral; 8 Partial; 28 Total; 7 Partial; and 9  Penumbral

Saros Series 122 Longest and Shortest Eclipses

 

Longest  Total  Lunar Eclipse:        11 October 1707   Duration: 01h 40m 05s

Shortest  Total  Lunar Eclipse:        05 July      1563   Duration: 00h 23m 22s

 

Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse:        17 May      2068  Duration:  03h 18m 59s

Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse:       10 April      1419  Duration:  00h 42m 58s

 

Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse:  02 August   2194 Duration:  04h 29m 39s

Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse: 14 August   1022 Duration:  00h 25m 39s

 

 

Largest and smallest magnitude partial eclipses of Saros 122

 

Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse:    17 May  2068  Magnitude: 0.9532

Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse:  10 April  1419  Magnitude: 0.0393

click any image to enlarge.  All 8 images; credit: Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses (Espenak and Meeus) NASA/GSFC.