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Saros number 133 - Total Solar Eclipse - 14 November 2012 - Top End Australia
Total Solar Eclipse occurs Northern Territory - Arnhem Region & Queensland Australia
Maps, facts, information, videos, advice, animations of the eclipse, everything is here on the 2012 Total Solar Eclipse
Australia Total Solar Eclipse 14 November 2012 (Wednesday morning 14 November EST local time)
photo; Ceduna, South Australia, 04 December 2002 when a Total Solar Eclipse graced the Great Southern Land of Australia
Australia Total Solar Eclipse 2012 occurs over Arnhem Land of the Northern Territory and north Queensland.
The Total Solar Eclipse of November 2012 is only visible from a narrow path of Totality across parts of Arnhem Land of the Northern Territory and north Queensland.
Most of Australia including Tasmani and outlying islands will be able to view a partial solar eclipse of varying degrees of obscurity.
Australia Total Solar Eclipse 2012 occurs morning time Wednesday 14 November 2012. The full during of Totality is visible from a narrow path of totality over Arnhem Land of the Northern Territory and north Queensland. The path of totality is approximately 88 miles (143 km) wide at Oak Beach, Queensland, Australia.
Most of Australia will be able to view a Partial Solar Eclipse
Partial Solar Eclipse occurs; ACT - Canberra Australian Capital | New South Wales | south, Northern Territory | south and far north Queensland | South Australia | Tasmania | Victoria | Western Australia | Coral Sea Islands - Willis Island | Jevis Bay Territory | Lord Howe Island | Norfolk Island | Macquarie Island | Torres Strait Islands |
Australia Total Solar Eclipse 2012
The Total Solar Eclipse November 2012 path of Totality is only visible from a narrow path across northern Australia over Arnhem Land, the Northern Territory, and north Queensland (locally known as The Top End).
Most of Australia will encounters a partial solar eclipse. The percentage of the Sun's obscurity is dependent on the distance you are from the central path of totality.
Those in the west of Western Australia, the solar eclipse ends as the Sun rises.
Most of this area will not notice any discernable reduction in light levels from the Sun, with minimum to nil obscurity of the Sun.
The Total Solar Eclipse of November 2012 first contact with Earth is in an area of the Bismarck Sea - a region north of New Britain Island, Papua New Guinea.
The Total Solar Eclipse phase starts near Tor Rock, Arnhem Land at sunrise. Local EST 06:35:07.7. The eclipse over Arnhem Land, a narrow track of approximatelly 126km / 77 miles wide will travel eastwards over the Northern Territory, then over the Bay of Carpentaria and onwards over north Queensland.
The eclipse traverses over tropical Queensland, encompassing both Cairns and Port Douglas on the east coast, with the central line of the Solar Eclipse passing almost directly over Oak Beach, Queensland. At this point the eclipse path is approximately 88 miles (143 km) wide and have a maximum totality lasting 2m 05.1s. Umbral ground velocity of shadow (MACH 1.4) 1060 mph/1760 kph.
Solar Eclipse umbra shadow leaves mainland Australia, Queensland's coastline and passes over Fitzroy Island traversing the Coral Sea, then onwards over the northern limits of the Tasman Sea, and out into the vast Pacific Ocean.
Maximum eclipse occurs in a remote region of the South Pacific Ocean. Greatest eclipse duration is 4m 2.2s with a maximum width of 178.9km - 111.163 miles which occurs approximately halfway through the solar eclipse path.
The eclipse ends at sunet a few hundred kilometres, or miles from the coast of Chile. Parts of South America will have a partial eclipse at sunset.
The nearer you are to the path of totality the more the Sun will be obscured by the Moon. The further away you are from the path of totality - the Moon will obscure less of the Sun, until a point is reached where the Moon no longer obscures the Sun and no part of the eclipse can be seen.
Australian External Territory Islands
Ceduna SA - South Australia 2002
The previous time a Total Solar Eclipse traversed Australia
The previous time a Total Solar Eclipse passed over Australia was during an ordinary early evening of a normal December day, but the day was anything other than normal.
Thousands of visitors from across Australia and from around the world turned the friendly, pretty town of Ceduna into a metropolis of activity and on 04 December 2002 Ceduna became the capital of the world.
Above, a keen photographer preparing for the solar eclipse and to the right people relaxing, waiting for the Total Solar eclipse.
Ceduna is the most Western Local Government area of South Australia located 780km / 484 miles by road from South Australia's capital Adelaide.
Information Total Solar Eclipse November 2012
Australia - Local Date - Wednesday 14 November 2012
Cairns - Port Douglas - Oak Beach
Oak Beach, Queensland is under the central track of the solar eclipse path and divides the eclipse between its southern region limits and northern region limits
Port Douglas - (Island Point Road)
Partial Eclipse Starts 05:44:26.6 (First Contact)
Total Eclipse Starts 06:38:04.0 (Second Contact)
Maximum Eclipse at 06:39:05.6
Total Eclipse Ends 06:40:07.5 (Third Contact)
Partial Eclipse Ends 07:40:07.5 (Fourth Contact)
Cairns - (Cairns Pier)
Partial Eclipse Starts 05:44:45.8 (First Contact)
Total Eclipse starts 06:38:34.7 (Second Contact)
Maximum Eclipse at 06:39:34.7
Total Eclipse Ends 06:40:35.0 (Third Contact)
Partial Eclipse Ends 07:40:22.1 (Fourth Contact)
Start of partial eclipse 05:44:31.4 (First Contact)
Start of total eclipse 06:38:09.9 (Second Contact)
Maximum eclipse 06:39:12.3
End of total eclipse 06:40:15.0 (Third Contact)
End of partial eclipse 07:39:49.7 (Fourth Contact)
Astronomical Date and time of Total Solar Eclipse
All times in UT/GMT - add your local time difference to UT/GMT
13 November 2012 - UT/GMT
Times of the solar eclipse path across the surface of Earth
(P1) Penumbra contact starts: 19:37:57.6
(U1) (First Contact) Umbra Contact begins: 20:35:07.7
(U2) (Second Contact) Total Eclipse Phase Begins: 20:37:03.0
Maximum Totality Duration: 4minutes 2.2 seconds
(U3) (Third Contact) Total Eclipse Phase Ends: 23:46:27.6
(U4) (Fourth Contact) Umbra Contact Ends: 23:46:24.2
(P4) Penumbra Contact Ends: 00:45:34.0
Maximum eclipse 22:11:48.0 mid South Pacific Ocean
Maximum Width 111.163 miles (178.9km) mid South Pacific Ocean
Maximum Totality: 4minutes 2.2seconds mid South Pacific Ocean
Umbral ground velocity of shadow (MACH 1.4) 1060 mph/1760 kph
Adelaide eclipse 42.11% Alice Springs eclipse 66.14% Brisbane eclipse 79.87%
Cairns Total Eclipse 100% Canberra eclipse 53.14% Hobart eclipse 34.13%
Kalgoorilie eclipse 35.78% Melbourne eclipse 42.35% Sydney eclipse 59.37%
World map Total Solar Eclipse13/14 November 2012
click map to enlarge
World map showing eclipse path. The oval shape on the left shows area of partial eclipse at sunrise, while the oval shape on the right shows partialeclipse at sunset. The wide banded area is region of partial eclipse. The purple band in the middle shows the narrow path of totality.
Characteristic's of a Total Solar Eclipse
Diagram to demonstrate the umbra dark shadow of totality and
the lighter shadow area of the partial solar eclipse
click image to enlarge
Australia. During the Total Solar Eclipse of Wednesday 14 November 2012 the umbra shadow will pass over Arnhem Land of the Northern Territory and the northern region of Queensland. This example is shown to demonstrate the umbra dark shadow of totality and the lighter shadow area of the partial solar eclipse. At this scale the umbra would be too small to see over Queensland and this image better demonstrates the characteristic of a Total Solar Eclipse.
Australia Total Solar Eclipse November 2012
Important Note concerning the date of the solar eclipse across Australia
How to make sure that you turn up on the correct day
WHY are two different dates shown on some websites and news articles - the 13th and 14th - what is going on?
The November 2012 Total Solar Eclipse path traverses several time zones and astronomers need to co-ordinate data using a single reference time.
Australia Local Time
The Total Solar Eclipse occurs locally over north east Australia on Wednesday morning 14 November 2012.
UTC - Coordinated Universal Time and GMT - Greenwich Meantime
Astronmers use a co-ordinated single reference time of UTC - Coordinated Universal Time; GMT - Greenwich Meantime.
Using astronomical time theTotal Eclipse Phase Begins 13 November 20:37:03.0 This is the instance that the Total Solar Eclipse begins with reference to Earth time at the Prime Meridian, Greenwich, London, England, but as Australia and other countries where the solar eclipse is visible, are several time zones ahead of GMT. Observers from locations within the path of the eclipse have to add their own time difference to that of Greenwich Meantime.
UTC and GMT are for all general purposes the same thing. UTC is sometimes referred to as UT - Universal Time. Unless describing a high accracy of time, all three, UTC, GMT and UT are interchangable.
UTC / UT / GMT Iinternational Time Scale
UTC / UT / GMT is an international time scale used for astronomical and other products to record and predict events. This ensures that the time of an event is universally understood. It avoids ambiguity or confusion. It also avoids confusion about time zones and daylight saving time.
UTC is also the time standard used in aviation, weather forecasts, flight plans, air traffic control clearances and maps,
Total Solar Eclipse - UTC / GMT - 13 November 2012
Using astronomical time the Total Eclipse Phase Begins 13 November 20:37:03.0
The Prime Meridian Greenwich, London England
Astronomical data, computers and civilian time zones throughout the world all use a single reference time which is measured from the Prime Meridian at Greenwich London England. The Prime Meridian is the line of 0° of longitude which divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. All world time zones are either set in front or behind the Prime Meridian at Greenwich.
The umbral shadow will traverse Australia with a ground velocity surpassing the speed of sound travelling at (MACH 1.4) 1,760kph / 1,060 mph.
The Australian Total Solar Eclipse phase begins at sunrise in the Northern Territory - Arnhem Land - close to Tor Rock, and have a total eclipse phase lasting 1 minute 40 seconds and an eclipse path 126km / 78 miles wide. The umbra shadow continues across Arnhem Land, and with its centre line close to Cape Grey, moves out over the Gulf of Carpentaria. After a few seconds at sea, it strikes land again close to Wallaby Island and traverses over northern Queensland to Cairns and Port Douglas.
The umbra shadow leaves mainland Australia and passes over Fitzroy Island traversing the Coral Sea, then onwards over the northern limits of the Tasman Sea:- The umbra cone shape shadow continues onwards over the South Pacific Ocean and passes a few hundred kilometres north off - tantalisingly missing the north island of New Zealand.
The umbra crosses the International Dateline where it reaches maximum duration of 4 minutes 2 seconds in a remote region of the South Pacific Ocean with a maximum eclipse path of 111.163 (179km) wide. Most of the eclipse path occurs over the Pacific Ocean and offers little opportunity to observe maximum totality. The Total Solar Eclipse ends at sunset over the South Pacific Ocean, a few hundred miles east of Chile.
However, parts of South America will have a partial eclipse at sunset. The Umbra (shadow area) will have a velocity surpassing the speed of sound at Mach 1.4 or about 1,760 kph / 1,060 mph. Path of totality will encompass both Port Douglas and Cairns with its centre line passing between the two of them. It’s centre line slightly closer to Port Douglas then Cairns. The actual central middle line of the eclipse will directly traverse the small town of Oak Beach, Queensland. At this point the path of totality will be approximately 88miles wide (143km) and its maximum duration will be 2 minutes 5 seconds. Local time will be 06:38:10.0 and the Sun will be 13.4 degrees from the horizon.
Total Solar Eclipse November 2012 path of Totality - a brief summary
Commonwealth of Australia - a few facts
Mainland Australia is the largest island in the world and the smallest - flattest continent on Earth. Australia has more than 8,000 outlying islands. Mainland Australia is the driest inhabited continent on earth, with an inerior that has one of the lowest rainfalls in the world; approximately three-quarters of the land is arid or semi-arid.
However, Austalia tends its land well and its fertile areas are well watered and uses its land effectively, for growing fruit and crops, grazing cattle and sheep, so in spite of Australia's challenging climate, arid conditions and low rainfull, Australia helps feed the world with its food. The largest state of Western Australia is about the same size as western Europe. The Australian federation consists of six States and two Territories. Australia's official name is, Commonwealth of Australia.
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Total Solar Eclipse Track and regions of Partial Solar Eclipse visibility
The Total Solar Eclipse of November 2012 first contact with Earth is in an area of the Bismarck Sea - a region north of New Britain Island, Papua New Guinea. The cross ‘X’ on the map marks the point of the Solar Eclipse first contact with Earth.
The Central Path of the Total Solar Eclipse 2012 crossing Australia will sweep out a narrow path of totality ranging from about 126km / 78 miles to 143km / 88 miles wide across northern Australia, therefore unless under this narrow path of totality, the totality phase cannot be seen and only a partial eclipse will be visible across most of Australia.
The inner paler shaded area of the teardrop over mid-Western Australia, The Northern Territory, Arnhem Land, and Papua New Guinea; is the area of the beginning of the partial solar eclipse as the Sun is rising. This area will have varying percentages of obscurity depending on distance from central track.
The outer yellow shaded area over the west of Western Australia, parts of Indonesia and Papua New Guinea; is the area of the partial solar eclipse ending as the Sun is rising. Most of this area will not notice any discernible reduction in light levels from the Sun, with minimum to nil obscurity of the Sun.
Blue area: a Partial Solar Eclipse, of varying percentages of obscurity depending on distance from central track of solar eclipse path occurs over; South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales, Tasmania, Canberra ACT, most of the Northern Territory and most of Queensland, including outlaying islands:
New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and parts of Indonesia, can also observe a Partial Solar Eclipse with varying percentages of obscurity.